Author(s): Zeng R, Li C, Li N, Wei L, Cui Y
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Abstract Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the primary cause of serious lower respiratory tract illness in infants and young children worldwide. The mechanism is largely unknown. RSV stimulates airway epithelial cells and resident leukocytes to release cytokines. Cytokines and chemokines involved in host response to RSV infection are thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis. In addition, RSV infection early in life has been associated with the development of asthma in later childhood. It is likely that the persistence of cytokines and chemokines in fully recovered patients with RSV in the long term can provide a substratum for the development of subsequent asthma. This review describes the genetic factors in cytokines and chemokines associated with severity of RSV disease, cytokines and chemokines synthesis in RSV infection, and the role of these innate immune components in RSV-associated asthma. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Cytokine
and referenced in Virology & Mycology