alexa The role of drinking and cigarette smoking in the excess deaths from liver cancer.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Shibata A, Hirohata T, Toshima H, Tashiro H

Abstract Share this page

Abstract A long-term cohort study of 639 males in a farming area and 677 males in a fishing area in Kyushu, Japan, has been conducted to evaluate risk factors for ischemic heart disease. The present investigation utilized this long-term cohort study to assess the role of drinking and cigarette smoking habits in the causation of liver cancer. The O/E ratio (ratio of the observed to expected number of deaths) of liver cancer was 7.5 (P less than 0.001) among shochu drinkers in the fishing area. Further, a clear dose-response relationship of O/E ratio was noted: 5.7 (P less than 0.001), 7.5 (P less than 0.001) and 20.0 (P less than 0.001) for drinkers of less than 1, 1-2, and 2 or more units of shochu (a distilled alcoholic beverage made in Japan; about 25\% alcohol). Although no excess risk was found among shochu drinkers in the farming area, observed and expected numbers were too small to make valid judgements. Among sake drinkers, the observed and expected numbers were very similar in both areas. Cigarette smokers in the fishing area appeared to have a high risk for liver cancer, the O/E ratio being 4.8 (P less than 0.001). However, there was no clear dose-response relationship and O/E ratios among cigarette smokers according to their drinking habits indicated no excess risk among nondrinkers. A multiple logistic regression analysis showed an insignificant effect of cigarette smoking on the development of liver cancer after adjustment for shochu drinking. These findings suggest a significant involvement of shochu drinking in the etiology of liver cancer, at least in this fishing area.
This article was published in Jpn J Cancer Res and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords