alexa The role of insulin receptor isoforms and hybrid insulin IGF-I receptors in human cancer.
Pharmaceutical Sciences

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Author(s): Belfiore A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract This review will focus on the emerging role of the insulin receptor (IR) in cancer. Several epidemiological studies have shown that insulin resistance states, characterized by hyperinsulinemia, are associated with an increased risk for a number of malignancies, including carcinomas of the breast, prostate, colon and kidney. Recent data have elucidated some molecular mechanisms by which IR is involved in cancer. First, IR is overexpressed in several human malignancies. Interestingly, one of the two IR isoform (IR-A) is especially overexpressed in cancer. IR-A is the IR fetal isoform and has the peculiar characteristic to bind not only insulin but also IGF-II. Second, IR forms hybrid receptors with the homologous IGF-IR, which is also commonly overexpressed in cancer. These hybrid receptors containing IR-A hemidimers have broad binding specificity as they bind IGF-I and also IGF-II and insulin. By binding to hybrid receptors, insulin may stimulate specific IGF-IR signaling pathways. Overexpression of IR-A is, therefore, a major mechanism of IGF system overactivation in cancer. These findings may have important implications for both the prevention and treatment of common human malignancies. They underline the concept that hyperinsulinemia, associated with insulin resistance and obesity, should be treated by changes in life style and/or pharmachological approaches to avoid an increased risk for cancer. IR-A isoform and hybrid receptors should be regarded, therefore, as potential molecular targets for novel anti-cancer therapies.
This article was published in Curr Pharm Des and referenced in Journal of Bioequivalence & Bioavailability

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version