alexa The role of insulin-like growth factor-II in cancer growth and progression evidenced by the use of ribozymes and prostate cancer progression models


Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

Author(s): Ning Guo

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Towards understanding the IGF system during cancer growth and progression, progressive prostate cancer models, such as SV40 large T antigen immortalized human prostate epithelial cells (P69, M2182, M2205, and M12) and LNCaP sublines (C4, C4-2, and C4-2B4), were used. IGF-II mRNA levels progressively increase as prostate cancer cells become more tumorigenic and metastatic, suggesting that IGF-II contributes in part to prostate cancer progression. The role of IGF-II in cancer cell growth was evaluated in LNCaP, PC3, and M12 prostate cancer cell lines and MCF-7 breast cancer cell line by ribozyme/antisense strategies which were previously shown to suppress endogenous IGF-II expression and cell growth in PC-3 cells [Xu et al., Endocrinol 140 (1999) 2134]. Retroviral mediated transient expression of IGF-II-specific ribozyme (RZ) caused extensive cell death. In stably cloned cell lines, both RZ and mutant ribozyme (MRZ) inhibited cancer cell growth, suggesting that antisense effects of MRZ may be sufficient for cell growth inhibition. These results confirm an important role of IGF-II in cancer cell growth and progression, and support further development of gene therapy targeting IGF-II.

This article was published in Growth Horm IGF Res and referenced in Journal of Gastrointestinal & Digestive System

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