alexa The role of microorganisms in coral health, disease and evolution.


Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Author(s): Rosenberg E, Koren O, Reshef L, Efrony R, ZilberRosenberg I

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Coral microbiology is an emerging field, driven largely by a desire to understand, and ultimately prevent, the worldwide destruction of coral reefs. The mucus layer, skeleton and tissues of healthy corals all contain large populations of eukaryotic algae, bacteria and archaea. These microorganisms confer benefits to their host by various mechanisms, including photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, the provision of nutrients and infection prevention. Conversely, in conditions of environmental stress, certain microorganisms cause coral bleaching and other diseases. Recent research indicates that corals can develop resistance to specific pathogens and adapt to higher environmental temperatures. To explain these findings the coral probiotic hypothesis proposes the occurrence of a dynamic relationship between symbiotic microorganisms and corals that selects for the coral holobiont that is best suited for the prevailing environmental conditions. Generalization of the coral probiotic hypothesis has led us to propose the hologenome theory of evolution. This article was published in Nat Rev Microbiol and referenced in Journal of Microbial & Biochemical Technology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • X. Gomez
    Feasibility of biofuels production: combining H2-CH4 and lipid production from food wastes using mixed anaerobic microflora
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version