Author(s): Teixeira CE, Teixeira SA, Antunes E, De Nucci G
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Abstract In this study, we have investigated the relaxing effects of both Androctonus australis venom (AAV) and Buthotus judaicus venom (BJV) on the rabbit corpus cavernosum (RbCC) smooth muscle strips. The RbCC strips were mounted in a cascade system and superfused with warmed and gassed Krebs solution. The nitric oxide (NO) synthesis inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10microM), but not D-NAME (10microM), significantly inhibited the RbCC relaxations induced by acetylcholine (ACh, 0.6nmol), AAV (30microg) and BJV (30microg). Subsequent infusion of L-arginine (300microM), but not of D-arginine (300microM), partially restored the relaxations evoked by these agents. The brain NO synthase inhibitor 7-nitroindazole (7-NI, 10microM) also inhibited the relaxant responses elicited by the scorpion venoms. The guanylyl cyclase inhibitors methylene blue (MB, 30microM) and 1H-[1,2,4] oxadiazolo [4,3,-alquinoxalin-1-one] (ODQ, 10microM) virtually abolished the relaxations induced by either AAV or BJV. The infusion of muscarinic receptor antagonists such as scopolamine and atropine (1microM, each) completely abolished the ACh-induced relaxations but had no effect on those evoked by the scorpion venoms. The Na(+) channel blocker tetrodotoxin (1microM) prevented the relaxations evoked by both AAV and BJV. Thus, NO released from nitrergic nerve fibres mediates the relaxations elicited by AAV and BJV in the rabbit cavernosal tissue.
This article was published in Toxicon
and referenced in Reproductive System & Sexual Disorders: Current Research