Author(s): Korantzopoulos P, Kolettis TM, Galaris D, Goudevenos JA
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Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice representing a major health hazard. Owing to relative inefficacy and side effects of classic antiarrhythmic drugs, current interest has shifted to treatments that target AF substrate. Accumulating evidence suggests that there is a link between oxidative processes and AF. In atrial myocardium during AF, there is substantial oxidative damage that may contribute to atrial remodeling. Several pathophysiological changes that possibly associated with increased oxidative stress in AF have been proposed. These include changes in gene transcriptional profiles and mitochondrial DNA, increased activity of enzymes such as NAD(P)H oxidase and xanthine oxidase, inflammatory processes, activation of the renin-angiotensin system and others. Moreover, oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of several predisposing factors and cardiovascular disorders that correspondingly associated with AF. Preliminary studies using dietary antioxidants such as vitamin C have shown promising results. More evidence has been obtained from studies examining agents with pleiotropic effects, including antioxidant, such as inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system, statins, corticosteroids and carvedilol. Further investigations are needed in order to elucidate the impact of oxidative stress on atrial remodeling. The clarification of these processes in the setting of AF may lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies.
This article was published in Int J Cardiol
and referenced in Journal of Developing Drugs