Author(s): Rosen HM, Slivjak MJ, McBrearty FX
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Abstract Amputated rat hindlimbs were subjected to either normothermic (26 degrees C) or hypothermic (4 degrees C) ischemia. Experimental limbs had their microcirculation washed out (either before or after the ischemic insult) with a physiologic acellular plasma substitute previously reported to enhance flap survival following extended periods of warm ischemia. Control limbs were not washed out; i.e., stagnant blood remained in these limbs. Following the ischemic interval, amputated limbs were replanted. Monastral blue B, a colloidal pigment capable of labeling leaky blood vessels, was administered systemically to all rats just prior to vascular declamping. Limb biopsies of skin and muscle were harvested 30 minutes following revascularization in order to assess Monastral labeling and, therefore, the functional integrity of the microcirculation. Results confirm that stagnant blood under conditions of warm ischemia is detrimental to the functionality of the microcirculation in both skin (p less than 0.03) and muscle (p less than 0.007). Accordingly, perfusion washout, when performed prior to the ischemic period, enhances limb survival following 6 hours of warm ischemia (p less than 0.01). Hypothermia protects against the detrimental effects of stagnant blood; perfusion offers no benefit if hypothermic conditions prevail. Physiologic mechanisms responsible for these findings are discussed.
This article was published in Plast Reconstr Surg
and referenced in Journal of Transplantation Technologies & Research