Author(s): Chris Poole, Colin Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Chad Kerksick
Nutrient administration following an exercise bout vastly affects anabolic processes within the human body, irrespective of exer- cise mode. Of particular im portance are protein and carbohy- drates whereby these two macronutrients portray distinct func- tions as anabolic agents. It has been confirmed that protein and/or amino acid ingestion following resistance training is required to reach a positive prot ein/nitrogen balance, and carbo- hydrate intake during recovery is the most important considera- tion to replenish glycogen stores from an exhaustive exercise bout. Several factors play significant roles in determining the effectiveness of protein and carbohydrate supplementation on post-exercise protein and glycogen synthesis. Improper applica- tion of these factors can limit the body’s ability to reach an anabolic status. The provided evidence clearly denotes the im- portance these two macronutrients have in regards to post- exercise nutrition and anabolism. Therefore, the purpose of this review is to discuss the impact of dietary protein and carbohy- drate intake during the recovery state on muscle protein synthe- sis and glycogen synthesis.