Author(s): Wheeler DL, Iida M, Dunn EF
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Abstract The proto-oncogene c-Src (Src) encodes a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase whose expression and activity are correlated with advanced malignancy and poor prognosis in a variety of human cancers. Nine additional enzymes with homology to Src have been identified and collectively are referred to as Src family kinases (SFKs). Together, SFKs represent the largest family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases and interact directly with receptor tyrosine kinases, G-protein-coupled receptors, steroid receptors, signal transducers and activators of transcription, and molecules involved in cell adhesion and migration. These interactions lead to a diverse array of biological functions including proliferation, cell growth, differentiation, cell shape, motility, migration, angiogenesis, and survival. Studies investigating mutational activation of Src in human cancers suggest that this may be a rare event and that wild-type Src is weakly oncogenic. Thus, the role of Src in the development and progression of human cancer remains unclear. Recently, it was suggested that increased SFK protein levels and, more importantly, SFK tyrosine kinase activity are linked to cancer progression and metastatic disease by facilitating the action of other signaling proteins. This accumulating body of evidence indicates that SFKs may represent a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of solid tumors. This review discusses the role of SFKs in solid tumors and the recent therapeutic advances aimed at targeting this family of tyrosine kinases in cancer.
This article was published in Oncologist
and referenced in Journal of Carcinogenesis & Mutagenesis