Author(s): Ruiterkamp J, Ernst MF
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Abstract Some of the patients who present with breast cancer already have distant metastatic disease. According to recent literature, these patients may benefit from resection of the breast tumour. One explanation for the effect of this resection is that reducing the tumour load influences metastatic growth. Results of future randomised controlled trials should indicate whether surgery of the breast tumour truly improves survival. Selected patients could even benefit from metastasectomy of liver and lung metastases; survival seems to improve and these procedures seldom lead to major complications. When metastasectomy is not possible, minimally invasive techniques can be used in selected patients for the treatment of breast cancer liver metastases, radiofrequency ablation (RFA) being discussed most in the literature. Patients with locally advanced breast cancer are treated multidisciplinarily and with curative intent. Part of the treatment is surgery to reduce tumour load. Regarding treatment of the axilla, in a clinically negative axilla sentinel node biopsy is advised before neoadjuvant treatment; an axillary lymph node dissection is not warranted. In local recurrence, surgery is the primary treatment. Axillary staging can be done in patients with a previous negative sentinel node biopsy. Regional recurrence after breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy is treated with surgery followed by radiotherapy.
This article was published in Eur J Cancer
and referenced in Journal of Cancer Clinical Trials