alexa The role of T-cells in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes: from cause to cure.
Immunology

Immunology

Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Roep BO

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Type 1 diabetes mellitus results from a T-cell mediated autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta cells in genetically predisposed individuals. The knowledge of the immunopathogenesis has increased enormously in the last two decades. The contribution of T-cells in the pathogenesis is beyond doubt. Therapies directed against T-cells have been shown to halt the disease process and prevent recurrent beta-cell destruction after islet transplantation. Less is known about the nature and function of these T-cells, the cause of the loss of tolerance to islet autoantigens, why the immune system apparently fails to suppress autoreactivity, and whether (or which) autoantigen(s) are critically involved in the initiation or progression of the disease. The contribution of dendritic cells in directing the immune response is clear, while the contribution of B-cells and autoantibodies is subject to reconsideration. Autoreactive T-cells have proven to be valuable tools to study pathogenic or diabetes-related processes. Measuring T-cell autoreactivity has also provided critical information to determine the fate of islet allografts transplanted to Type 1 diabetic patients. Cellular autoimmunity is a difficult study subject, but it has been a worthwhile quest to unravel the role of T-cells in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes. The challenge for the future is to determine which factors contribute to the loss of tolerance to beta-cell antigens, and to define what measures T-cells can provide to suppress autoreactivity, since it is becoming increasingly evident that T-cells provide a two-edged sword: some T-cells could be pathogenic, but others can regulate the disease process and thus form new targets for immunointervention. This article was published in Diabetologia and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords