alexa The role of the p53 protein in the apoptotic response.
Dentistry

Dentistry

JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science

Author(s): Lane DP, Lu X, Hupp T, Hall PA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract When mammalian cells or tissues are exposed to DNA damaging agents a programmed cell death pathway is induced as well as a cell cycle arrest. In mice in which the p53 gene has been inactivated by homologous recombination this response is profoundly diminished. These mice develop normally so that developmentally induced apoptotic events do not require p53. The p53 gene product is a 393 amino acid nuclear protein that binds specifically to DNA and can act as a positive transcription factor. High levels of p53 can induce the transcription of gene products involved in the cell cycle arrest and apoptotic pathway. The p53 proteins activity is very tightly controlled both by allosteric regulation of its DNA binding function and by regulation of the protein's stability. These results are discussed in the context of the mutations in p53 found in human tumours and their implications for the treatment of the disease by the use of radiation and chemotherapeutic agents that target DNA. This article was published in Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci and referenced in JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords