Author(s): Husain SZ, Prasad P, Grant WM, Kolodecik TR, Nathanson MH,
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Abstract Acute pancreatitis is characterized by the pathologic activation of zymogens within pancreatic acinar cells. The process requires a rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) from undefined intracellular stores. We hypothesized that zymogen activation is mediated by ryanodine receptor (RYR)-regulated Ca(2+) release, because early zymogen activation takes place in a supranuclear compartment that overlaps in distribution with the RYR. Ca(2+) signals in the basolateral, but not apical, region of acinar cells observed during supraphysiologic agonist stimulation were dependent on RYR Ca(2+) release. Inhibition of RYR or depletion of RYR-sensitive Ca(2+) pools each reduced pathologic zymogen activation in isolated acinar cells, but neither treatment affected amylase secretion. Inhibition of RYR also inhibited zymogen activation in vivo. We propose that Ca(2+) release from the RYR mediates zymogen activation but not enzyme secretion. The findings imply a role for the RYR in acute pancreatitis.
This article was published in Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A
and referenced in Journal of Molecular Biomarkers & Diagnosis