Author(s): Chen X, Lu G, Tang K, Li Q, Gao X
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to investigate local cardiac and circulating AVP secretion during heart failure and to determine whether AVP mediates ventricular remodeling. METHODS: We assessed cardiac function and AVP levels of post-myocardial infarction (MI) heart-failure rats 3 weeks (n = 10), 4 weeks (n = 10), 6 weeks (n = 10), 9 weeks (n = 15) after the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) ligation. Ten sham-operated rats were used as the control group. In vitro, cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) were initiated from isolated Wistar rat hearts and subjected to Ang II to induce AVP expression and secretion. Besides, the effects of AVP stimulation on CMECs and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs) were studied using methylthiazol tetrazolium assay, Western blotting and real-time PCR. RESULTS: With cardiac dysfunction, plasma and local cardiac AVP, aldosterone levels increased over time, peaking at 9 weeks post-MI. AVP levels were negatively correlated with serum Na(+) and LVEF but positively correlated with LVEDD and myocardial hydroxyproline. In CMECs treated with Ang II, AVP mRNA and protein expression increased. In addition, AVP promoted CFs proliferation and up-regulated the expression of endothelin-1 and connective tissue growth factor. CONCLUSION: CMECs are the cellular sources of elevated local heart AVP stimulated with Ang II/AT1. An intrinsic cardiac AVP system exists. Local cardiac and circulating AVP secretion were enhanced by deteriorating cardiac function. AVP may promote ventricular remodeling. Thus, AVP could be an important mediator of myocardial fibrosis in late-stage heart failure. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Neuropeptides
and referenced in Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research