Author(s): Arya M, Mostafid H, Patel HR, Kellett MJ, Philp T
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and assess the long-term complications of using the thermo-expandable, nickel-titanium alloy stent (Memokath 051, Engineers & Doctors A/S, Hornbaek, Denmark) for managing benign ureteric strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over a 3-year period, 13 Memokath stents were inserted in 11 patients (mean age 58 years, range 35-85) with 12 lower ureteric strictures. The cause of the stricture was benign in all cases, i.e. radiation fibrosis in three, retroperitoneal fibrosis, ischaemic uretero-ileal anastomosis and scarring after ureteroscopy in two each, and diathermy damage, extraluminal endometriosis and stone passage in one each. Four stents were 9 F with proximal expansion to 17 F and the other nine used were 10.5 F with proximal expansion to 20 F. The patients were followed for a mean (range) of 18 (1.5-33) months. RESULTS: No complications or side-effects occurred with nine stents; four stents were removed at a mean (range) of 16.3 (4-33) months. Three of these had become encrusted, two of which had been placed in patients who had either a history of stone disease or recurrent urinary tract infection. The other stent had migrated. CONCLUSION: The Memokath stent appears to have a useful role in managing benign ureteric strictures, but it must be closely monitored in patients who are predisposed to encrustation.
This article was published in BJU Int
and referenced in Medical & Surgical Urology