Author(s): Rodvelt KR, Oelrichs CE, Blount LR, Fan KH, Lever SZ,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine's behavioral effects have been attributed to its interaction with monoamine transporters; however, methamphetamine also has affinity for sigma receptors. METHOD: The present study investigated the effect of the sigma receptor agonist SA 4503 and the sigma receptor antagonists BD-1047 and BD-1063 on methamphetamine-evoked [(3)H]dopamine release from preloaded rat striatal slices. The effect of SA 4503 on methamphetamine-induced hyperactivity and on the discriminative stimulus properties of methamphetamine also was determined. RESULTS: SA 4503 attenuated methamphetamine-evoked [(3)H]dopamine release in a concentration-dependent manner. BD-1047 and BD-1063 did not affect release. SA 4503 dose-dependently potentiated and attenuated methamphetamine-induced hyperactivity. SA 4503 pretreatment augmented the stimulus properties of methamphetamine. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that SA 4503 both enhances and inhibits methamphetamine's effects and that sigma receptors are involved in the neurochemical, locomotor stimulatory and discriminative stimulus properties of methamphetamine. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Drug Alcohol Depend
and referenced in Medicinal Chemistry