alexa The skeletal response to teriparatide is largely independent of age, initial bone mineral density, and prevalent vertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
Nutrition

Nutrition

Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

Author(s): Marcus R, Wang O, Satterwhite J, Mitlak B

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Abstract In a recent study of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis, treatment with teriparatide for a median of 19 months increased bone mineral density and decreased the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures. Using the same cohort, the current study evaluated the relationship between these therapeutic effects and the patient's baseline age, vertebral bone mineral density, and prevalent vertebral fractures. In women over 65 years of age, treatment resulted in a greater increase in vertebral bone mineral density than in younger women (treatment-by-age interaction, p = 0.037), but baseline age had no effect on the relative risk reduction for vertebral fractures (treatment-by-age interaction, p = 0.558). In women receiving placebo (with calcium and vitamin D), there was an inverse relationship between baseline vertebral bone mineral density and vertebral fracture risk. When compared across bone mineral density tertiles, the effects of teriparatide on the relative risk for developing new vertebral fractures and increase in vertebral bone mineral density did not differ significantly (p = 0.817 and p = 0.615, respectively). Teriparatide treatment significantly decreased vertebral fracture risk in patients with a vertebral bone mineral density T score of less than -33 or a score between -2.1 and -3.3 (p < 0.001 and p = 0.027, respectively) and showed a trend toward reduced fracture risk in the group with a T score greater than -2.1 (p = 0.115). Placebo-treated women with two or more prevalent vertebral fractures had a significantly greater risk of developing new vertebral fractures than women with zero or one prevalent vertebral fracture (p < 0.001). When compared within prevalent vertebral fracture subgroups, the effects of teriparatide on the relative risk for developing new vertebral fractures were similar. The results of this study indicate that teriparatide offers clinical benefit to patients across a broad range of age and disease severity. This article was published in J Bone Miner Res and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy

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