Author(s): Manzar N, Saad SM, Manzar B, Fatima SS, Manzar N, Saad SM, Manzar B, Fatima SS
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Abstract BACKGROUND: To determine the agents of poisoning and demographic distribution of children brought to Civil Hospital Karachi (CHK) with a history of accidental poison intake and to examine the factors associated with it. METHODS: This hospital based descriptive study of first 100 patients from both sexes who presented to Pediatric department, CHK from 1st January 2006 till 31st December 2008 with exposure to a known poisonous agent and fulfilling other inclusion criteria were included in the study. Data regarding their demographic profile and potential risk factors was collected on a well structured proforma, cases were followed until discharge or expiry. Data was analyzed using frequencies, proportions, group means, median and standard deviations. RESULTS: The male to female ratio in our study was 1.2:1, with kerosene (50\%) being the most common household agent followed by medicines (38\%), insecticides (7\%) and bathroom cleaners (5\%). Factors such as mother's education level, number of siblings and storage place of poison correlated significantly with the cases of accidental poisoning. Most of the children (70\%) presented within 3 hours of ingestion. Dyspnea was the most common symptom observed. The mortality rate in our study was 3\%. CONCLUSIONS: Children belonging to age group 2-3 years are the most susceptible both in terms of morbidity and mortality. Preventive strategies need to be adopted at a national level to spread awareness among parents.
This article was published in BMC Pediatr
and referenced in Journal of Forensic Research