alexa The study of HLA class II and autoimmune diabetes.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Wong FS, Wen L

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Many autoimmune diseases have genetic associations with the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) class II loci. Susceptibility to Type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) is particularly associated with Human Leucocyte Antigen (HLA) DR3, 4 and associated DQ2, 8 alleles and this is well documented in genetic association studies. These molecules play an important role in presentation of peptide antigens after intracellular processing to CD4 T lymphocytes. During the last decade, a number of approaches have been used to elucidate the molecular basis for the association of particular alleles with susceptibility to or protection from TIDM. These studies have focused on investigating the structure of the antigen presenting molecules, together with their peptides. Through binding studies, peptide elution, molecular modelling and crystallization of the peptide MHC complex, it has been possible to define the peptide binding regions and examine the stability of binding of peptides from putative autoantigens. This knowledge has also facilitated the development of reagents such as multimeric MHC-peptide complexes that will help to track the low frequency, potentially pathogenic antigen specific cells. Recently, HLA transgenic mice have been generated and used to study T cell epitopes. In addition, although it is clear that the presence of HLA molecules alone does not by itself cause disease, these transgenic mice will develop diabetes when there is an islet "insult", even if the islet "insult" is, itself, not sufficient to precipitate disease in the absence of the HLA class II transgene. These mice will allow further study of the role of these HLA molecules in vivo. We now have a much greater general understanding of the possible reasons why particular molecules may encode susceptibility to or protection from disease. All these studies will provide information to ultimately define a rational basis for the development of targeted immunotherapy.
This article was published in Curr Mol Med and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

  • 9th International Conference on Bioinformatics
    October 23-24, 2017 Paris, France
  • 9th International Conference and Expo on Proteomics
    October 23-25, 2017 Paris, France

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords