alexa The submucosal glands and the orientation of the musculature in the oesophagus of the camel.
Nephrology

Nephrology

Journal of Kidney

Author(s): Jamdar MN, Ema AN

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Abstract The histological structure of the oesophagus of the camel in different parts of its course was investigated with tissues from seven camels, and with haematoxylin and eosin and Masson's trichrome stain. Gross dissections confirmed the orientation of the muscle fibres in the tunica muscularis. The epithelium showed heavy cornification. Many submucosal mucous glands were found throughout the length and all round the wall of the oesophagus. This was contrary to what has been reported generally for ruminants. The lamina muscularis mucosae was in the form of small scattered strands of smooth muscle (more readily identifiable with trichrome stain) and only in the caudal oesophagus. It did not form a continuous layer here. The tunica muscularis was of striated type throughout which agreed with what has been found in the other ruminants. Its fibres, however, were differently oriented. The outer tunica was mainly circular (especially in the mid-thoracic part) and the inner one was mainly longitudinal in direction. Mixed orientation of the muscle fibres in parts of the same section was also noticed. These findings have not been reported previously in the camel.
This article was published in J Anat and referenced in Journal of Kidney

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