Author(s): Taverna MJ, Elgrably F, Selmi H, Selam JL, Slama G, Taverna MJ, Elgrably F, Selmi H, Selam JL, Slama G
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Abstract Genetic factors could be implicated in the pathogenesis of severe diabetic retinopathy (DR). Recently, we reported a strong association between the eNOS4b/a endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphism and severe DR. To examine whether T-786C and C774T eNOS polymorphisms are involved in severe DR, 254 Caucasians with longstanding C-peptide-negative type 1 diabetes, 128 patients with absent/mild DR (control group), and 126 patients with preproliferative/proliferative DR (study group) were genotyped. The distribution of T-786C and C774T eNOS polymorphisms was in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and did not differ between the study and control groups. However, in case patients (n=126), T-786C and C774T polymorphisms influenced the onset pattern of severe DR (P=0.0169 and P=0.0257, respectively). The C-786C genotype was associated with early-onset severe DR (duration of diabetes: 15.2+/-5.9 vs. 19.4+/-6.3 years, P=0.0105), and the homozygous T774T genotype was associated with late-onset severe DR (24.3+/-7.0 vs. 18.4+/-6.2 years, P=0.0067). In the case of patients with high glycosylated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c >8\%, n=88), the association between the T-786C polymorphism and early-onset severe DR was stronger (P=0.0068). Case patients carrying the C-786C genotype had higher HbA1c values (9.61+/-1.89\%) than those carrying the T-786T genotype (8.93+/-1.47\%, P=0.0173). Multivariate analysis showed that T-786C polymorphism was the best independent factor for onset pattern of severe DR (P<0.001). These findings, supported by previous associations between eNOS4b/a polymorphism and DR, suggest that T-786C and C774T eNOS polymorphisms affect the onset pattern of severe DR.
This article was published in Nitric Oxide
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research