Author(s): Bohon LM, Cotter KA, Kravitz RL, Cello PC Jr, Fernandez Y Garcia E
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Between 9.5\% and 31.3\% of college students suffer from depression (American college health association national college health assessment II: reference group executive summary spring 2013. Amer. Coll. Health Assoc. 2013; Eagan K, Stolzenberg EB, Ramirez JJ, Aragon, MC, Suchard, RS, Hurtado S. The American freshman: national norms fall 2014. Higher Educ. Res. Inst.; 2015). Universities need to understand the factors that relate to care-seeking behavior. OBJECTIVE: Across 3 studies, to relate attitudes, social norms, and perceived behavioral control to intention to seek mental health services, and to investigate barriers to care-seeking. PARTICIPANTS: University college students (N = 845, 64\% female, 26\% male, and 10\% unspecified). METHODS: New measures were created in Studies 1 and 2, and were examined using structural equation modeling in Study 3. RESULTS: Partially consistent with the Theory of Planned Behavior (Ajzen, I, Fishbein, M. Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall; 1980), a model with an excellent fit revealed that more positive attitudes about care and higher perceived behavioral control directly predicted higher intention to seek mental health services. CONCLUSIONS: Educating college students about mental health disorders and treatments, enhancing knowledge about available services, and addressing limited access to long-term care might improve treatment rates for students suffering from depression.
This article was published in J Am Coll Health
and referenced in Journal of Entrepreneurship & Organization Management