Author(s): van Leeuwen M, Damoiseaux J, Duijvestijn A, Tervaert JW
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Abstract While the involvement of T cells in atherosclerosis is nowadays well accepted, little is known about the role of B cells. Obviously, B cells as the source of antibodies, in particular antibodies to oxLDL, have gained a lot of attention in atherosclerosis. In addition, B cells do harbour other functions in adaptive immunity. In this review, we provide an overview of the current knowledge on both the role of B cells and antibodies, i.e., anti-oxLDL antibodies, in atherosclerosis. It appears that B cells and also anti-oxLDL antibodies may comprise pro- and anti-atherogenic effects. Therefore, the establishment of effective therapy, targeting B cells or anti-oxLDL antibodies, warrants further research to unravel these opposite effects.
This article was published in Autoimmun Rev
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta