Author(s): Saalbach A, Hildebrandt G, Haustein UF, Anderegg U
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Abstract The expression of adhesion molecules on endothelial cells as well on tumor cells regulates and directs adhesion and transmigration of tumor cells through the endothelial cell barrier as one prerequisite to the formation of metastasis. Thy-1 is an inducible activation-associated cell-adhesion molecule on human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMECs). In this study we investigated whether the Thy-1/Thy-1 ligand interaction may also play a role in adhesion of melanoma cells to endothelial cells. In situ, a strong Thy-1 expression on endothelial cells in melanoma and melanoma metastases was observed. In vitro, Thy-1 expression was stimulated by melanoma-cell-derived soluble factors, reflecting that Thy-1 expression in melanoma is not only due to a nonspecific inflammatory response. TNFalpha and bFGF were not responsible for this effect. In vitro and in situ a Thy-1 ligand was detected on melanoma cells. In cell-adhesion assays we showed the involvement of the Thy-1/Thy-1 ligand interaction in adhesion of melanoma cells to HDMECs. In summary, the data support that the study of the Thy-1/Thy-1 ligand interaction might give a more detailed insight into the regulation and direction of adhesion of melanoma cells to endothelial cells as one critical step in the formation of tumor metastasis.
This article was published in Microvasc Res
and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics