alexa The toxicities of native and modified hemoglobins.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Author(s): Everse J, Hsia N

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Recent research on the potential use of hemoglobin derivatives as a blood substitute has revealed that the administration of large quantities of free hemoglobin into the circulation results in a variety of toxic side effects. Because it has been well established that hemoglobin, like myoglobin, has considerable pro-oxidant activity, a number of studies have appeared suggesting that the administered hemoglobins may catalyze various oxidative and peroxidative reactions, which in turn, would cause the observed pathologic conditions. This occurs as a result of the in vivo formation of highly oxidized forms of the native and modified hemoglobins. In addition, it has been proposed that considerable amounts of free hemin and iron may be generated as a result of the catabolism of the injected hemoglobin. Hemin is known to be very toxic when present in large amounts, and iron could catalyze the formation of hydroxyl radicals via Fenton-type reactions. Thus, the toxic activities of catabolic products of hemoglobin could also be involved in all or part of the observed side effects. The purpose of this review is to consider the conditions under which reactive species of hemoglobin may be formed in vivo, their potential reactivity, and whether their individual or combined oxidative activities could account for the biological damage that is observed in vivo following hemoglobin transfusions.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med and referenced in Journal of Drug Metabolism & Toxicology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version