Author(s): De Martin R, Hoeth M, HoferWarbinek R, Schmid JA
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Abstract A variety of pathophysiological situations that affect cells of the vasculature, including endothelial and smooth muscle cells, leads to the expression of genes such as adhesion molecules and chemokines that are dependent on members of the nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB family of transcription factors. The corresponding gene products mediate important biological functions such as immune and inflammatory reactions, smooth muscle cell proliferation, and angiogenesis. The beneficial and usually transient NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression may be exaggerated in pathological situations and results in damage to the vessel wall and impaired vascular cell function. In this review, we will capitalize on the favorable and adverse roles of NF-kappaB in the context of vascular disease, eg, chronic and localized inflammation, arteriosclerosis, and neoangiogenesis.
This article was published in Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol
and referenced in Journal of Pharmacological Reports