alexa The transporter associated with antigen processing: function and implications in human diseases.
Medicine

Medicine

Drug Designing: Open Access

Author(s): LankatButtgereit B, Tamp R

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The adaptive immune systems have evolved to protect the organism against pathogens encountering the host. Extracellular occurring viruses or bacteria are mainly bound by antibodies from the humoral branch of the immune response, whereas infected or malignant cells are identified and eliminated by the cellular immune system. To enable the recognition, proteins are cleaved into peptides in the cytosol and are presented on the cell surface by class I molecules of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). The transport of the antigenic peptides into the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and loading onto the MHC class I molecules is an essential process for the presentation to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The delivery of these peptides is performed by the transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP). TAP is a heterodimer of TAP1 and TAP2, each subunit containing transmembrane domains and an ATP-binding motif. Sequence homology analysis revealed that TAP belongs to the superfamily of ATP-binding cassette transporters. Loss of TAP function leads to a loss of cell surface expression of MHC class I molecules. This may be a strategy for tumors and virus-infected cells to escape immune surveillance. Structure and function of the TAP complex as well as the implications of loss or downregulation of TAP is the topic of this review. This article was published in Physiol Rev and referenced in Drug Designing: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]m

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords