alexa The tumor suppressor Tsc1 enforces quiescence of naive T cells to promote immune homeostasis and function.


Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

Author(s): Yang K, Neale G, Green DR, He W, Chi H

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Abstract The mechanisms that regulate T cell quiescence are poorly understood. We report that the tumor suppressor Tsc1 established a quiescence program in naive T cells by controlling cell size, cell cycle entry and responses to stimulation of the T cell antigen receptor. Abrogation of quiescence predisposed Tsc1-deficient T cells to apoptosis that resulted in loss of conventional T cells and invariant natural killer T cells. Loss of Tsc1 function dampened in vivo immune responses to bacterial infection. Tsc1-deficient T cells had more activity of the serine-threonine kinase complex mTORC1 but less mTORC2 activity, and activation of mTORC1 was essential for the disruption of immune homeostasis. Therefore, Tsc1-dependent control of mTOR is crucial in actively maintaining the quiescence of naive T cells to facilitate adaptive immune function.
This article was published in Nat Immunol and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology

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