Author(s): FukunagaJohnson N, Sandler HM, Marsh R, Martel MK
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Abstract PURPOSE: Radiation therapy in combination with cis-platinum chemotherapy is associated with ototoxicity due to destruction of cochlear hair cells. This is a significant problem, especially in pediatric patients, because it may lead to difficulties with communication, speech, language, and development of learning skills. The use of 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D CRT) may be useful in sparing auditory structures. This paper discusses a technique using 3D CRT to spare the cochlea in patients with medulloblastoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Five pediatric patients with medulloblastoma were planned using 3D CRT. All had MRI and CT obtained specifically for treatment planning. Multiple structures were contoured, including the cochlea and posterior fossa, and conformal beams designed in beam's eye view and dose distribution analysis were edited to provide 3D dose coverage to the target while sparing the inner ear. Patients received 36 Gy to the craniospinal axis followed by an 18-20 Gy boost to the posterior fossa. RESULTS: A 3D CRT cochlear sparing technique was designed, using an axial pair of posterior oblique fields to treat the posterior fossa while sparing the cochlea for all patients in this analysis. Dose-volume information, obtained from 3D calculations, demonstrates that the average dose received by the cochlea was 65\% of the prescribed dose using the cochlear sparing plan, as compared to 101\% using standard opposed-lateral beams. Both plans delivered > or = 100\% of the prescribed dose to the posterior fossa. CONCLUSION: 3D CRT allows for cochlear sparing in the treatment of medulloblastoma. Further follow-up is necessary to determine the long-term benefit in these patients.
This article was published in Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys
and referenced in Atherosclerosis: Open Access