alexa The use of carbon dioxide for insufflation during GI endoscopy: a systematic review.
Gastroenterology

Gastroenterology

Journal of Hepatology and Gastrointestinal disorders

Author(s): Dellon ES, Hawk JS, Grimm IS, Shaheen NJ

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: Insufflation of the lumen is required for visualization during GI endoscopy. Carbon dioxide (CO(2)) has been proposed as an alternative to room air for insufflation. OBJECTIVES: To assess the safety and efficacy of CO(2) insufflation for endoscopy. DESIGN: Systematic review that focuses on evidence from randomized controlled trials (RCT). METHODS: Two investigators independently searched MEDLINE from 1950 to February 13, 2008, to identify all articles that reported the use of CO(2) in a GI endoscopy application. Bibliographies of relevant articles were also hand searched to identify other pertinent reports. Data from RCTs, as well as from nonrandomized studies, were extracted. RESULTS: Nine RCTs were identified that compared CO(2) and air insufflation for GI endoscopy. Fifteen other nonrandomized studies or reports were also reviewed. In the 8 RCTs in which postprocedural pain was assessed, pain was lower in the CO(2) insufflation group compared with the air group. Two RCTs found decreased flatus in the CO(2) group compared with the air group, and 3 RCTs showed there was decreased bowel distention on abdominal radiography in the CO(2) group compared with the air group. Also, in all 9 RCTs and 6 additional studies in which safety was assessed, there was no CO(2) retention and no adverse pulmonary events related to CO(2) insufflation. LIMITATIONS: Because of study heterogeneity, meta-analytic techniques could not be used. CONCLUSIONS: Consistent RCT evidence indicates that CO(2) insufflation is associated with decreased postprocedural pain, flatus, and bowel distention. CO(2) insufflation also appears to be safe in patients without severe underlying pulmonary disease. This article was published in Gastrointest Endosc and referenced in Journal of Hepatology and Gastrointestinal disorders

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords