alexa The use of epididymal and testicular spermatozoa for intracytoplasmic sperm injection: the genetic implications for male infertility.
Genetics

Genetics

Journal of Aging Science

Author(s): Silber SJ, Nagy Z, Liu J, Tournaye H, Lissens W, , Silber SJ, Nagy Z, Liu J, Tournaye H, Lissens W,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract The results and rationale of using testicular and epididymal spermatozoa with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for severe cases of male infertility are reviewed. A total of 72 consecutive microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) cases were performed for congenital absence of the vas (CAV) and for irreparable obstructive azoospermia. ICSI was used to obtain normal embryos for transfer and fertilization in 90\% of the cases. The overall fertilization rate was 46\% with a normal cleavage rate of 68\%. The pregnancy and delivery rates per transfer were 58 and 37\% respectively. The delivery rate per cycle was 33\%. In many cases, no epididymal spermatozoa were available and so testicular sperm extraction (TESE) was used for sperm retrieval. The transfer rate was lower with TESE (84 versus 96\%) and the spermatozoa could not be frozen and saved for use in future cycles. However, there was little difference in pregnancy rates using epidiymal or testicular spermatozoa. The results were not affected by whether the obstruction was caused by CAV or failed vasoepididymostomy. Both fresh and frozen spermatozoa gave similar results; the only significant factor appeared to be the age of the female. Because of the consistently good results obtained using epididymal sperm with ICSI when compared with conventional IVF, and the similarly good results with testicular tissue spermatozoa, ICSI is mandatory for all future MESA patients. All CAV patients and their partners should be offered genetic screening for cystic fibrosis; hence pre-implantation embryo diagnosis should be available in any full service MESA programme. It is now clear that even with non-obstructive azoospermia, e.g. Sertoli-cell only, or maturation arrest, there are usually some small foci of spermatogenesis which allow TESE with ICSI to be carried out. This means that even in men with azoospermia due to absence of spermatogenesis or to a block in meiosis, there are usually a few spermatozoa available in the testes that are adequate for successful ICSI. Finally, it is likely that some forms of severe male factor infertility are genetically transmitted and although ICSI offspring have been shown to be completely normal, it is possible that the sons of these infertile couples will also require ICSI when they grow up and wish to have a family.
This article was published in Hum Reprod and referenced in Journal of Aging Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version