Author(s): Bektas H, Schrem H, Lehner F, Schmidt U, Kreczik H,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Reconstructive procedures of the gastrointestinal tract after resection or for bypass surgery are well established and almost completely standardized but still may cause significant morbidity. Deviations from standard reconstructive procedures have pitfalls, especially when complex reconstructions are required, and may lead to substantial morbidity. Scientific evidence for the indication to reoperate as well as the best methods to be applied is lacking and surgical experience indispensable. We report on 10 reoperative cases between 1999 and 2003 after uncommon reconstructive procedures in the gastrointestinal tract associated with substantial morbidity. In five cases (five of seven), operative correction of uncommon reconstructions in the upper gastrointestinal tract after gastrectomy, completion gastrectomy, or distal gastric resection could completely alleviate the complaints including reflux esophagitis, whereas incomplete relief of symptoms was achieved in the remaining two cases (two of seven). Corrective procedures used end-to-side esophagojejunostomy or end-to-side gastrojejunostomy with a retrocolic isoperistaltic jejunal Roux-en-Y loop and end-to-side jejunojejunostomy approximately 40 cm distal to the proximal anastomosis for biliary and exocrine pancreatic drainage. After biliodigestive anastomosis, problematic cholangitis could be completely alleviated in three cases (three of three) using end-to-side hepaticojejunostomy with a retrocolic isoperistaltic jejunal Roux-en-Y loop and end-to-side jejunojejunostomy 40 cm distal to the hepaticojejunostomy for reconstruction of the continuity of the gastrointestinal tract. Compliance with well-established standard reconstructive procedures is of elementary importance in the gastrointestinal tract. Operative correction of uncommon reconstructions associated with morbidity is usually indicated.
This article was published in J Gastrointest Surg
and referenced in Journal of Bacteriology & Parasitology