Author(s): Klein R, Klein BE, Moss SE, Davis MD, DeMets DL
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Abstract In a population-based study in southern Wisconsin, 1,370 patients given diagnoses of diabetes at age 30 years or older were examined using standard protocols to determine the prevalence and severity of diabetic retinopathy and associated risk variables. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy varied from 28.8\% in persons who had diabetes for less than five years to 77.8\% in persons who had diabetes for 15 or more years. The rate of proliferative diabetic retinopathy varied from 2.0\% in persons who had diabetes for less than five years to 15.5\% in persons who had diabetes for 15 or more years. By using the Cox regression model, the severity of retinopathy was found to be related to longer duration of diabetes, younger age at diagnosis, higher glycosylated hemoglobin levels, higher systolic BP, use of insulin, presence of proteinuria, and small body mass.
This article was published in Arch Ophthalmol
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine