alexa T-helper cell type 17 regulatory T-cell immunoregulatory balance in human radicular cysts and periapical granulomas.
Chemistry

Chemistry

Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry: Open Access

Author(s): Maral JR, Samuel RO, Fernandes D, de Araujo MS, Napimoga MH,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Cysts and granulomas are chronic periapical lesions mediated by a set of inflammatory mediators that develop to contain a periapical infection. This study analyzed the nature of the inflammatory infiltrate, presence of mast cells, and in situ expression of cytokines (interleukin [IL]-17 and transforming growth factor [TGF]-beta), chemokines (macrophage inflammatory protein [MIP]-1beta and monocyte chemotactic protein [MCP]-1), and nuclear transcription factor (FoxP3) in human periapical granulomas and cysts compared with a control group. METHODS: Fifty-five lesions (25 periapical cysts, 25 periapical granulomas, and 5 controls) were analyzed. The type of inflammatory infiltrate was evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the presence of mast cells was analyzed by toluidine blue staining. Indirect immunohistochemistry was used to evaluate the expression of cytokines, chemokines, and FoxP3. RESULTS: The inflammatory infiltrate mainly consisted of mononuclear cells. In cysts, mononuclear infiltrates were significantly more frequent than mixed (polymorphonuclear/mononuclear) infiltrates (P = .04). Mixed inflammatory infiltrates were significantly more frequent in patients with sinus tract (P = .0001). The number of mast cells was significantly higher in granulomas than in cystic lesions (P = .02). A significant difference in the expression of IL-17 (P = .001) and TGF-beta (P = .003) was observed between cysts and granulomas and the control group. Significantly higher IL-17 levels were also observed in cases of patients with sinus tract (P = .03). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that chronic periapical lesions might experience a reagudization process that is correlated with an increased leukocyte infiltration, with the predominance of neutrophils attracted by a chemokine milieu, as well as the increased presence of IL-17. Copyright 2010 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. This article was published in J Endod and referenced in Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Adel Nefzi
    “Adel Nefzi-Torrey-Pines-Institute-for-Molecular-Studies-USA-Diversity-Oriented-Synthesis-of-low-Molecular-Weight-Acyclic-and-Heterocyclic-Compounds-from-Resin-bound-Polyamides-Application-for-Drug-Discovery”
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Werner Lottermoser
    Application of a Difference Electron Nanoscope (DEN): Correlation between 3D Magnetical Structures of Synthetic Fayalite with Synchrotron and Neutron Diffraction and Mössbauer Spectroscopy
    PPT Version | PDF Version
  • Hiromichi Hoshina
    Higher order structure of macromolecules studied by Terahertz spectroscopy
    PPT Version | PDF Version

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords