alexa "Therapeutic time window" duration decreases with increasing severity of cerebral hypoxia-ischaemia under normothermia and delayed hypothermia in newborn piglets.
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine

Author(s): Iwata O, Iwata S, Thornton JS, De Vita E, Bainbridge A,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: For optimal neuroprotection following transient perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia (HI), therapy should start before overt secondary energy failure and its irreversible neurotoxic cascade. Hypothermia is a promising neuroprotective intervention that also prolongs the therapeutic time window ("latent-phase"; the period between re-establishment of apparently normal cerebral metabolism after HI, and the start of secondary energy failure). The influences of HI severity on latent-phase duration and regional neuroprotection are unclear. Under normothermia and delayed whole-body cooling to 35 and 33 degrees C we aimed to assess relationships between HI severity and: (i) latent-phase duration; (ii) secondary-energy-failure severity; and (iii) neuronal injury 48 h following HI. METHODS: Newborn piglets were randomized to: (i) HI-normothermia (n=12), (ii) HI-35 degrees C (n=7), and (iii) HI-33 degrees C (n=10). HI-35 degrees C and HI-33 degrees C piglets were cooled between 2 and 26 h after HI. Insult and secondary-energy-failure severity and latent-phase duration were evaluated using phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy and compared with neuronal death in cortical-grey and deep-grey matter. RESULTS: More severe HI was associated with shorter latent-phase (p=0.002), worse secondary energy failure (p=0.023) and more cortical-grey-matter neuronal death (p=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Latent-phase duration is inversely related to insult severity; latent-phase brevity may explain the apparently less effective neuroprotection following severe cerebral HI. This article was published in Brain Res and referenced in Neonatal and Pediatric Medicine

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords