Author(s): Mura P, Faucci MT, Manderioli A, Bramanti G, Parrini P
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Abstract Solid dispersions of 10\% w/w naproxen (NAP) in poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) (4000, 6000, or 20,000) as a carrier with or without incorporation of anionic (sodium dodecyl sulfate; SDS) or nonionic (Tween 80; Tw80) surfactant were prepared by the melting method. Physicochemical characteristics were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction analysis. The results of dissolution studies showed that drug dissolution properties were better from ternary systems than from binary systems since in the former the wetting and solubilizing effects of surfactant and polymer were additive. No influence of the PEG molecular weight was found. The best performance given by anionic surfactant has been attributed to several factors, such as higher hydrophilicity, better solubilizing power, and most facile interaction with both drug and PEG. No important changes in solid-state characteristics or in drug dissolution properties were found after 30 months storage for dispersions with or without surfactant. Only a slight decrease in initial drug dissolution rate was observed at the highest concentration (10\% w/w) of SDS.
This article was published in Drug Dev Ind Pharm
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