Author(s): Arakawa T, Arakawa T
Abstract Share this page
Abstract An attempt was made to explain the effect of concentrated salts on protein interaction with hydrophobic columns. From the previously observed results of preferential interactions for salting-out salts with proteins, it was shown that the free energy of the protein is increased by addition of the salts and this unfavorable free energy is smaller for the proteins bound to the columns because of their smaller surface area exposed to solvent; i.e., the bound form of the proteins is thermodynamically more stable. This explains the protein binding to the hydrophobic columns at high salt concentrations and the elution by decreasing the salt concentration. The unfavorable interaction free energy was greater for Na2SO4 or (NH4)2SO4 than for NaCl, which explains the stronger effect of the former salts on the protein binding to the columns. The observed favorable interaction between KSCN or guanidine hydrochloride and the proteins explains the decreasing effect of these salts on the protein binding to the hydrophobic columns.
This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys
and referenced in Journal of Bioprocessing & Biotechniques