alexa Thermostability testing and degradation profiles of doxycycline in bulk, tablets, and capsules by HPLC.


Journal of Clinical Toxicology

Author(s): Injac R, DjordjevicMilic V, Srdjenovic B

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Abstract A high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for the quantitation of doxycycline in bulk, tablets, and capsules after storage at -20, 5, 25, 40, 50, 60, and 70 degrees C, has been developed and validated. The samples are eluted from a micro-Bondapak C8 column (4.6x150-mm, i.d., 5-microm particle size) at 27 degrees C, with a mobile phase of acetonitrile-water-THF (29.5:70:0.5, v/v/v), adjusted to pH 2.5 with 1.0M HCl. The flow rate is 1.0 mL/min and detection by UV is at 350 nm. The stability of doxycycline in bulk and in pharmaceuticals is checked over 90 days. Doxycycline shows thermo-degradation after exposure to high temperature; tablets are more stable than capsules. The shelf lives (t90\%) are determined to be 1.00, 2.84, and 5.26 years in bulk, capsules, and tablets, respectively, at 25 degrees C. Metacycline and 6-epidoxycyline are identified as degradation products at high temperatures. Amounts of doxycycline, metacycline, and 6-epidoxycycline in all samples are determined by HPLC, and the results compare with those from micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography. After 90 days, metacycline and 6-epidoxycyline are almost equal in test samples from standard bulk form, tablets, and capsules. It is 27.8+/-0.3\%, 13.7+/-0.1\%, and 18.8+/-0.2\%, respectively.
This article was published in J Chromatogr Sci and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology

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