alexa Thiamine-responsive acute neurological disorders in nonalcoholic patients.
Neurology

Neurology

Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

Author(s): MerkinZaborsky H, Ifergane G, Frisher S, Valdman S, Herishanu Y,

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Abstract Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is most commonly associated with alcoholism, although other causes have also been implicated. In the years 1994-1997, 9 patients with no history of alcohol abuse presented with acute signs of ophthalmoplegia or nystagmus and ataxia which resolved within 48 h after intravenous thiamine. There were 7 women and 2 men aged 17-57 (7 below the age of 30). Precipitating events included vomiting 2, drastic weight-reducing diet 2, renal colic in a postpartum woman 1, colonic surgery 2 and chronic hemodialysis 1. In 2 patients there was no obvious precipitating event but their history was suggestive of a genetic predisposition. Mental changes were slight or absent in all patients and all of them made good functional recovery. These cases suggest that the diagnosis of WE should be considered more often in nonalcoholics in various clinical settings. Copyright 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel This article was published in Eur Neurol and referenced in Journal of Alzheimers Disease & Parkinsonism

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