alexa Thiazolidinedione bioactivation: a comparison of the bioactivation potentials of troglitazone, rosiglitazone, and pioglitazone using stable isotope-labeled analogues and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): AlvarezSanchez R, Montavon F, Hartung T, Phler A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Troglitazone, a thiazolidinedione (TZD) type insulin sensitizer for the treatment of diabetes, was withdrawn from the U.S. market after several fatal cases of hepatotoxicity. Although the mechanism(s) of these idiosyncratic adverse reactions are not completely understood, circumstantial evidence suggests at least a partial contribution of reactive metabolite formation. Despite isolated case reports of hepatotoxicity, the other TZD derivatives pioglitazone and rosiglitazone are comparatively safe. Herein, we report on the bioactivation potential of these drugs and their TZD ring isotope-labeled 2-(15)N-3,4,5-(13)C(3) analogues in rat and human liver microsomes supplemented with glutathione (GSH). Screening for GSH adducts as surrogate markers for reactive intermediate formation was performed by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Chemical characterization of the GSH conjugates was conducted by acquisition of their respective product ion spectra and the comparison between unlabeled and stable isotope-labeled TZD derivatives. The data suggest that all drugs undergo bioactivation processes via a common metabolic activation on the TZD ring, yielding disulfide type GSH conjugates as evidenced by the loss of labeled positions in the TZD moiety. Additional bioactivation processes leading to GSH adducts not involving TZD ring scission were evident for troglitazone. In human liver microsomes at low substrate concentrations, only troglitazone yielded a predominant GSH adduct not involving TZD ring scission. This property may contribute, together with other factors such as the relatively high dose administered as well as its potential to induce hepatic cholestasis and oxidative stress, to the hepatotoxicity of this drug. This article was published in Chem Res Toxicol and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

  • Mapitsi S Thantsha
    In vitro antagonistic effects of Listeria adhesion protein (LAP)-expressing Lactobacillus casei against Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Typhimurium Copenhagen
    PPT Version | PDF Version
Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version