Author(s): Dalton JP, Heffernan M
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Abstract Immature Fasciola hepatica release 11 distinct proteases when cultured in vitro for 16 h as revealed by gelatin-substrate sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Six of these proteases are active in the pH range 4.5 to 8.0. Five are acid proteases, being most active in the pH range 3.0 to 4.5. The majority of proteases released in vitro by immature flukes are also released by mature flukes; however, a 40-kDa protease released by immature flukes is a very minor protease released by mature flukes. The activity of all proteases is inhibited by leupeptin, L-trans-epoxysuccinyl-leucylamido(4-guanidino)butane, phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride and iodoacetamide and enhanced or stabilized by the reducing agents cysteine and dithiothreitol. Therefore, all F. hepatica in vitro-released proteases identified by gelatin-substrate SDS-PAGE are thiol proteases.
This article was published in Mol Biochem Parasitol
and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Cellular Immunology