Author(s): Kawamata A, Fujishita M, Ariji Y, Ariji E
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To observe changes in the pharyngeal airway and the hyoid bone position after mandibular setback osteotomy in 30 patients with mandibular prognathism by means of 3-dimensional computed tomography (3DCT). STUDY DESIGN: Preoperative and postoperative computed tomography (CT) examinations were performed on 17 patients treated by sagittal split ramus osteotomy with rigid osteosynthesis and on 13 patients treated by intraoral vertical ramus osteotomy without osteosynthesis. The amount of mandibular setback was measured by the preoperative to postoperative difference of the mandibular position in axial CT images. The sizes of the preoperative and postoperative pharyngeal airway were evaluated from semitransparent and crosscut 3DCT images. Postoperative displacement of the hyoid bone was evaluated by a technique to superimpose a postoperative hard tissue 3DCT image on the preoperative image. The helical scan technique was used in the CT examination. The volume rendering technique was used to create 3DCT images. RESULTS: The mean mandibular setback was 7.8 +/- 2.1 mm with a range of 5 to 11 mm. Three months after surgery, the lateral and frontal widths of the pharyngeal airway had decreased significantly in comparison with the preoperative width. The mean reduction rates of the lateral and frontal width were 23.6\% and 11.4\%, respectively. The diminished airway did not recover by either 6 months or 1 year after surgery in most cases. Downward and posterior displacement of the hyoid bone was seen postoperatively. There were positive correlations between the amount of mandibular setback and reduction of the lateral width of the pharyngeal airway (r = 0.54) and the amount of hyoid bone displacement (r = 0.42). There were no significant differences between the two surgical techniques. CONCLUSION: Three-dimensional computed tomography was a practical imaging technique to evaluate the morphologic airway changes. The pharyngeal airway may have irreversible narrowing after mandibular setback surgery.
This article was published in Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod
and referenced in Journal of Sleep Disorders & Therapy