Author(s): Orlov MV, Hoffmeister P, Chaudhry GM, Almasry I, Gijsbers GH,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the heart and surrounding structures has been supplementing traditional two-dimensional imaging to guide diagnostic and therapeutic electrophysiologic procedures. Current methods using computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) reconstruction have certain limitations. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the feasibility of rotational angiography (RA) combined with simultaneous esophagogram to create an intraprocedural 3D reconstruction of the left atrium (LA) and the esophagus. METHODS: Rotational angiography was performed. Contrast was injected via a pigtail catheter positioned in the left or right pulmonary artery to achieve a levophase venous cycle opacification of the ipsilateral pulmonary veins and adjacent LA. Simultaneous administration of oral contrast allowed a 3D reconstruction of the esophagus in the same image. Qualitative and quantitative comparison between the intraprocedural 3D RA and a remote CT scan was performed in 11 consecutive patients undergoing ablation for atrial fibrillation. RESULTS: Adequate visualization of the pulmonary veins, adjacent posterior LA, and esophagus was achieved in 10 patients. Determination of pulmonary transit time to guide the initiation of RA resulted in better-quality imaging. A close correlation between 3D RA and CT was found. Based on close proximity between the LA and esophagus, the ablation procedure was modified in three patients. CONCLUSIONS: Three-dimensional RA of the LA and esophagus is a promising new method allowing intraprocedural 3D reconstruction of these structures comparable in quality to a CT scan. Further studies refining the method are justified because it could eliminate the need for CT/MRI scans before ablation.
This article was published in Heart Rhythm
and referenced in OMICS Journal of Radiology