Author(s): Mnzer P, Tolios A, Pelzl L, Schmid E, Schmidt EM,
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Abstract Thrombin activates pore forming channel protein Orai1 resulting in store operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) with subsequent Ca(2+)-dependent release of platelet granules, activation of integrin αIIbβ3, adhesion, aggregation and thrombus formation. Platelets lack nuclei and are thus unable to modify protein abundance by transcriptional regulation. Nevertheless, they still contain pre-mRNA and mRNA and are thus able to express protein by stimulation of rapid translation. Platelet translation is sensitive to phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) and actin polymerization. The present study explored whether platelet activation via thrombin modifies Orai1 protein abundance. According to RT-PCR platelets contain pre-mRNA and mRNA encoding Orai1. Activation with thrombin (0.1 U/ml) results in a significant decline of pre-mRNA, which is, according to Western blotting and confocal microscopy, paralleled by a marked and statistically significant increase of Orai1 protein abundance. The increase of Orai1 protein abundance is insensitive to inhibition of transcription with actinomycin (4 μg/ml), but is significantly blunted by inhibition of translation with puromycin (100 nM) and by inhibition of PI3K with wortmannin (100 nM) or LY294002 (25 μM). In conclusion, activation of platelets stimulates the translational expression of Orai1, thus augmenting platelet Ca(2+) signaling. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biochem Biophys Res Commun
and referenced in Journal of Clinical Toxicology