Author(s): Sheibani N, Newman PJ, Frazier WA
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Abstract Expression of thrombospondin-1 (TS1) in polyoma middle-sized T (tumor)-transformed mouse brain endothelial cells (bEND.3) restores a normal phenotype and suppresses their ability to form hemangiomas in mice. We show that TS1 expression results in complete suppression of platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (PECAM-1) expression and altered cell-cell interactions in bEND.3 cells. To further investigate the role of PECAM-1 in regulation of endothelial cell-cell interactions and morphogenesis, we expressed human (full length) or murine (delta 15) PECAM-1 isoforms in TS1-transfected bEND.3 (bEND/TS) cells. Expression of either human or murine PECAM-1 resulted in an enhanced ability to organize and form networks of cords on Matrigel, an effect that was specifically blocked by antibodies to PECAM-1. Anti-PECAM-1 antibodies also inhibited tube formation in Matrigel by normal human umbilical vein endothelial cells. However, PECAM-1-transfected bEND/TS cells did not regain the ability to form hemangiomas in mice and the expressed PECAM-1, unlike the endogenous PECAM-1 expressed in bEND.3 cells, failed to localize to sites of cell-cell contact. This may be, in part, attributed to the different isoforms of PECAM-1 expressed in bEND.3 cells. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we determined that bEND.3 cells express mRNA encoding six different PECAM-1 isoforms, the isoform lacking both exons 14 and 15 (delta 14&15) being most abundant. Expression of the murine delta 14&15 PECAM-1 isoform in bEND/TS cells resulted in a similar phenotype to that described for the full-length human or murine delta 15 PECAM-1 isoform. The delta 14&15 isoform, despite the lack of exon 14, failed to localize to sites of cell-cell contact even in clones that expressed it at very high levels. Thus, contrary to recent reports, lack of exon 14 is not sufficient to result in junctional localization of PECAM-1 isoforms in bEND/TS cells.
This article was published in Mol Biol Cell
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism