alexa Thy-1 expression in human fibroblast subsets defines myofibroblastic or lipofibroblastic phenotypes.
Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology

Journal of Cytology & Histology

Author(s): Koumas L, Smith TJ, Feldon S, Blumberg N, Phipps RP

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Fibroblasts represent a dynamic population of cells, exhibiting functional heterogeneity within and among tissues. Fibroblast heterogeneity also results from phenotypic differences and may arise from activation or differentiation processes taking place in the cells. We previously reported that human fibroblasts were heterogeneous with respect to surface Thy-1 expression and that separation into Thy-1(+) and Thy-1(-) subsets resulted in functionally distinct subpopulations, leading to the concept of fibroblast subset specialization. In this report we investigated whether Thy-1(+) and/or Thy-1(-) fibroblasts were capable of differentiating into myofibroblasts or lipofibroblasts. Fibroblast subsets were used from human myometrium and orbit to test this hypothesis. Only Thy-1(+) human myometrial and orbital fibroblasts were capable of myofibroblast differentiation after treatment with TGFbeta or platelet concentrate supernatant, assessed by alpha smooth muscle actin expression. Interestingly, only Thy-1(-), but not Thy-1(+) subsets differentiated to lipofibroblasts, as determined by the accumulation of cytoplasmic lipid droplets after treatment with 15-deoxy-Delta(12, 14)-PGJ(2) or ciglitazone. We propose that fibroblast Thy-1 display pre-determines lineage to a contractile or lipid-like phenotype in the human myometrium and orbit. This additional distinction between Thy-1(+) and Thy-1(-) human fibroblast subtypes has important consequences in normal tissue homeostasis and in pathogenesis of orbital and myometrial diseases characterized by persistent myofibroblasts or fat accumulation, such as occurs in Graves' ophthalmopathy, tissue fibrosis, abnormal wound healing, and scarring.
This article was published in Am J Pathol and referenced in Journal of Cytology & Histology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords