Author(s): Bouchikh M, El Malki HO, Ouchen F, Achir A, Benosman A
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of myasthenic patients with and without thymoma, and the results of thymectomy in both types of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted among 66 patients who underwent thymectomy for myasthenia gravis in our department over a 10-year period (2000-2010). The surgical approach was sternotomy or anterolateral thoracotomy. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of thymoma: with (T-MG) and without (NT-MG) thymoma. Complete stable remission (CSR) was the primary endpoint. RESULTS: Median age was 35.09±9.89 years. The NT-MG group had 38 patients (57.57\%) and the T-MG group 28 patients (42.43\%). There was no difference between the two groups regarding the surgical approach (P=0.52). T-MG patients were older (40.54±15.16 vs. 31.37±9.46) (P=0.008) and predominantly male. There were more generalized forms (P=0.01) and more bulbar involvement (P=0.02) in the T-MG group. The rate of CSR at 5 years was 7\% and 17\% in the T-MG and NT-MG patients respectively (P=0.70). At 10 years, it was 36\% and 94.73\% respectively (P=0.03). CONCLUSION: Thymomatous myasthenia gravis is characterized by the severity of its clinical features. Remission rate at 10 years was significantly lower in the myasthenia with thymoma group. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Rev Neurol (Paris)
and referenced in Advances in Molecular Diagnostics