Author(s): Nagi MN, Almakki HA, SayedAhmed MM, AlBekairi AM
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Abstract This study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effect of thymoquinone (TQ) against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity. Mice were given TQ orally at three different doses (0.5, 1 and 2mg/kg/day) for 5 days before a single hepatotoxic dose of acetaminophen (500 mg/kg i.p.). TQ supplementation dramatically reduced acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity, in a dose-dependent manner, as evidenced by decreased serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activities. Acetaminophen (500 mg/kg i.p.) resulted in a significant increase in serum ALT and total nitrate/nitrite, hepatic lipid peroxides and a significant decrease in hepatic reduced glutathione (GSH) and ATP in a time-dependent manner. Interestingly, supplementation of TQ (2mg/kg/day) for 5 days before acetaminophen administration resulted in reversal of acetaminophen-induced increase in ALT, total nitrate/nitrite, lipid peroxide and a decrease in GSH and ATP. Moreover, TQ did not affect acetaminophen-induced early decrease in hepatic GSH indicating lack of the effect on the metabolic activation of acetaminophen. In conclusion, TQ is effective in protecting mice against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity possibly via increased resistance to oxidative and nitrosative stress as well as its ability to improve the mitochondrial energy production. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals