Author(s): Wang L, Shao YY, Ballock RT
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Thyroid hormone regulates terminal differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes in part through modulation of the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathway. Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) has been described as a stabilizer of beta-catenin, and thyroid hormone is a known stimulator of IGF-1 receptor expression. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that IGF-1 signaling is involved in the interaction between the thyroid hormone and the Wnt/beta-catenin signaling pathways in regulating growth plate chondrocyte proliferation and differentiation. The results show that IGF-1 and the IGF- receptor (IGF1R) stimulate Wnt-4 expression and beta-catenin activation in growth plate chondrocytes. The positive effects of IGF-1/IGF1R on chondrocyte proliferation and terminal differentiation are partially inhibited by the Wnt antagonists sFRP3 and Dkk1. T(3) activates IGF-1/IGF1R signaling and IGF-1-dependent PI3K/Akt/GSK-3beta signaling in growth plate chondrocytes undergoing proliferation and differentiation to prehypertrophy. T(3)-mediated Wnt-4 expression, beta-catenin activation, cell proliferation, and terminal differentiation of growth plate chondrocytes are partially prevented by the IGF1R inhibitor picropodophyllin as well as by the PI3K/Akt signaling inhibitors LY294002 and Akti1/2. These data indicate that the interactions between thyroid hormone and beta-catenin signaling in regulating growth plate chondrocyte proliferation and terminal differentiation are modulated by IGF-1/IGF1R signaling through both the Wnt and PI3K/Akt signaling pathways. While chondrocyte proliferation may be triggered by the IGF-1/IGF1R-mediated PI3K/Akt/GSK3beta pathway, cell hypertrophy is likely due to activation of Wnt/beta-catenin signaling, which is at least in part initiated by IGF-1 signaling or the IGF-1-activated PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. (c) 2010 American Society for Bone and Mineral Research.
This article was published in J Bone Miner Res
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism